The exhibition of this large section of the Museum focuses on aspects of the development of the people and traditional culture in the context of human-nature relations, demonstrated on the example of Moldova. The main emphasis this time is on culture, meaning the "second nature" created by man. Authentic pieces outline the specifics of our ethnic heritage, the agropastoral synthesis supported by traditional occupations, crafts and household occupations, the ethnic measure of natural environment is presented. of settlements, of creating housing and architecture, reconstituting the integrity of popular life in which work, custom, rite intertwine naturally.The first complex is a generalized representation of the specific nature and culture during the establishment of the Moldovan feudal state. Belogortev) illustrates the legend of Dragos - the founder of the state and, at the same time, demonstrates the specifics of the natural environment of that historical period, which largely determined the basic occupations of the population. written confirms this relationship . The royal gates at the altar of an old wooden church, the dowry box on which an old Bible is displayed, are evidence of the spirituality of our ancestors, who were still Christians in the first centuries of our era. Two notable personalities: Stephen the Great - defender of peace and Christianity, founder of the holy places, and Dimitrie Cantemir - ruler and philosopher - are the leading figures immortalized in the history of the nation. The reconstruction of a segment of the wall of the medieval fortress from Orheiul Vechi reveals the importance of this monument in our culture.