The basis of ethnographic collections was put by Albina Osterman (1892-1936). They consisted of donations and acquisitions. An important source was the annual agricultural exhibitions in different localities of Bessarabia, where patrons bought from craftsmen the most successful and representative ethnographic pieces for the museum. The republican exhibitions of folk art from 1957 and 1959, the Republican Exhibition "Moldovan Women in the Peace Fund" also registered new pages in this section. Today, the ethnographic heritage includes all areas of traditional culture: work tools, household objects, clothing from the 15th century. XIX-XX, house fabrics of different categories, furniture, ceramics, musical instruments, ritual objects, vintage photographs, etc.