Paleontological collection

Paleontological collection according to the diversity and scientific value of the Neogene and Anthropogen of Moldova, it is very precious, it conceals in itself innumerable, evidences of a long-extinct fauna and flora. The Moldavian land can rightly be considered an open-air paleontological museum. The paleobotanical and paleozoological pieces are remarkable, including leaf impressions from the deposits of the Lower Sarmatian, fragments of petrified wood, collections of Cretaceous and Paleogene foraminifera, etc. The vertebrate fossil animals from the Middle Sarmatian are presented by fragments of placoderm and bone fish, bird and mammal bones. Of special value are the skeleton of a seal and the upper shell of the tortoise of the genus Trionix. The pride of the Museum is the complete skeleton of a 7 million year old Deinotherium Gigantissimus. In the collection are animal bones, which lived at the same time as the Neogene dinosaur and formed the hyparian faunal complex: rhinos, hiparions, horses, mastodons, etc. From the fauna of the Tiraspol complex, the bones of one million years old animals have been preserved: ancient elephants, rhinos, bison, bears, hyenas, new species of mollusks (specific to Moldova). The geological section of the Kolkotovo ravine (with bone remains of these animals) is considered a Pleistocene standard in Europe. Based on this complex, the contemporary fauna of Moldova was formed. During the ice age lived mammoths, giant deer, cave predators: hyena, lion and bear. Bones of 40 bears, which lived 70-10 thousand years ago, were found near the village of Butesti (northern part of the republic).

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